Every day new changes are seen in the human environment of the modern era, and this change is also necessary because change is the rule of the world. Still, this change changes many things, like the biological activities happening on this earth.
The temperature of the earth is also increasing at a swift pace. Due to this change, the diseases related to kidneys are also increasing, in which the formation of kidney stones is mainly seen. So why are these stones formed? And if they are, can we eliminate them from the root? Many such questions keep coming to the mind of the general public. To answer such questions, we talked to renowned kidney specialist Dr Ravi Gupta,
Dr Ravi Gupta is a Kidney Specialist (Urologist & kidney transplant surgeon). He is currently Director & Head of the Urology department at EHCC Hospital, Jaipur, and also runs his private clinic at his residence. He has Performed More than 15,000 Urological Procedures and more than 75 Kidney Transplant Surgeries independently so far.
He is highly skilled and trained in examining, diagnosing, and treating patient conditions of genitourinary organs and tracts. He performs abdominal, pelvic, or retroperitoneal surgeries when necessary. He effectively prescribes and administers antibiotics, antiseptics, or compresses to treat infections or injuries. He said that kidneys are an integral part of our body, and they work to maintain balance. We cannot do any other work without keeping them healthy because when the balance of our body is not correct, then we cannot do any other work. Speaking further in the context of kidney-related diseases, he said that India is second in terms of the population globally, and about 15% of this population is suffering from diseases in today’s time. About 40% of them suffer from kidney-related diseases, and such problems have been seen mainly in North India. That is why it is essential to discuss this topic. Further talking about kidney stones in detail, he discussed their causes, symptoms, and treatment.
What is Kidney Stone:
Usually, your kidneys remove waste from your blood to make urine (pee). When there is too much waste in your blood, and your body is not producing enough urine, crystals begin to form in your kidneys. These crystals attract other wastes and chemicals to form a solid object (a kidney stone) that will get larger unless it is passed out of your body in your urine.
Kidney stones can be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball.
A kidney stone usually will not cause symptoms until it moves around within your kidney or passes into your ureters — the tubes connecting the kidneys and the bladder. If it becomes lodged in the ureters, it may block the flow of urine and cause the kidney to swell and the ureter to spasm, which can be very painful.
These signs and symptoms:
• Severe, sharp pain in the side and back, below the ribs
• Pain that radiates to the lower abdomen and groin
• Pain or burning sensation while urinating
Causes of Kidney Stones:
Anyone can get a kidney stone, but some people are more likely than others to have them. Men get kidney stones more often than women do.
You may also be more likely to have kidney stones if:
• You have had kidney stones before.
• Someone in your family has had kidney stones.
How to Prevent Kidney Stones:
The best way to prevent most kidney stones is to drink enough fluids every day. Most people should drink eight to 12 cups of fluid per day. If you have kidney disease and need to limit fluids, ask your doctor how much fluid you should have each day.
Never start or stop any treatment or diet without talking to your doctor first!
When to see a doctor
Make an appointment with your doctor if you have any signs and symptoms that worry you.
Seek immediate medical attention if you experience:
• Pain so severe that you can’t sit still or find a comfortable position
- Pain accompanied by nausea and vomiting
Treatment Of Kidney Stones:
The treatment for a kidney stone depends on its size, what it is made of, whether it is causing pain, and whether it is blocking your urinary tract. Do consult with your doctor if you have such symptoms.
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